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Food Sci Nutr. 2018 Oct 20;6(8):2423-2430. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.842. eCollection 2018 Nov.

Black soybeans protect human keratinocytes from oxidative stress-induced cell death.

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Division of Food Bioscience College of Biomedical and Health Sciences Konkuk University Chungju-si Korea.
Nanotechnology Research Center Konkuk University Chungju-si Korea.
Department of Central Area National Institute of Crop Science Rural Development Administration Suwon Korea.
Institute of Biomedical and Health science Konkuk University Chungju-si Korea.


Black soybeans are functional foods containing a variety of bioactives such as isoflavones, carotenoids, tocopherols, phenolic acid as well as anthocyanins. Here, we examined whether Cheongja#3 black soybean extract has a protective effect on oxidative stress-induced cell death in human keratinocytes HaCaT. First, we identified fat-soluble bioactives in three varieties of soybean extracts (Saedanbaek, Daechan, and Cheongja#3). In particular, black soybean Cheongja#3 had high amounts of lutein than other varieties. We demonstrated that Cheongja#3 extract reduced intracellular reactive oxygen species levels in HaCaT cells. Furthermore, Cheongja#3 protected cells from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative stress and triggered cell death determined by cell viabilities and apoptotic caspase activities. Next, we identified the underlying mechanism is due to increased Nrf2 antioxidant system by Cheongja#3, thus increasing the expression of heme oxygenases (HO)-1. These results indicated that Cheongja#3 soybean extract has protective role against oxidative stress by upregulating the Nrf-2 antioxidant system in human keratinocyte HaCaT cells.


HO‐1; Nrf2; anthocyanin; apoptosis; caspases

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