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World J Gastroenterol. 2018 Nov 28;24(44):4989-5004. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v24.i44.4989.

Different distributions of interstitial cells of Cajal and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α positive cells in colonic smooth muscle cell/interstitial cell of Cajal/platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α positive cell syncytium in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200240, China.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, Ren Ji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 201112, China.
3
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China.
4
Department of Physiology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200240, China. wenxiexu@sjtu.edu.cn.

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the distribution and function of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α positive (PDGFRα+) cells in the proximal and distal colon.

METHODS:

The comparison of colonic transit in the proximal and distal ends was performed by colonic migrating motor complexes (CMMCs). The tension of the colonic smooth muscle was examined by smooth muscle spontaneous contractile experiments with both ends of the smooth muscle strip tied with a silk thread. Intracellular recordings were used to assess electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced inhibitory junction potentials (IJP) on the colonic smooth muscle. Western blot analysis was used to examine the expression levels of ICCs and PDGFRα in the colonic smooth muscle.

RESULTS:

Treatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME) significantly increased the CMMC frequency and spontaneous contractions, especially in the proximal colon, while treatment with MRS2500 increased only distal CMMC activity and smooth muscle contractions. Both CMMCs and spontaneous contractions were markedly inhibited by NPPB, especially in the proximal colon. Accordingly, CyPPA sharply inhibited the distal contraction of both CMMCs and spontaneous contractions. Additionally, the amplitude of stimulation-induced nitric oxide (NO)/ICC-dependent slow IJPs (sIJPs) by intracellular recordings from the smooth muscles in the proximal colon was larger than that in the distal colon, while the amplitude of electric field stimulation-induced purinergic/PDGFRα-dependent fast IJPs (fIJPs) in the distal colon was larger than that in the proximal colon. Consistently, protein expression levels of c-Kit and anoctamin-1 (ANO1) in the proximal colon were much higher, while protein expression levels of PDGFRα and small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel 3 (SK3) in the distal colon were much higher.

CONCLUSION:

The ICCs are mainly distributed in the proximal colon and there are more PDGFRα+ cells are in the distal colon, which generates a pressure gradient between the two ends of the colon to propel the feces to the anus.

KEYWORDS:

Interstitial cells of Cajal; Nitric oxide; Platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α positive cells; Purine; Smooth muscle cell/interstitial cell of Cajal/platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α positive cell syncytium

PMID:
30510374
PMCID:
PMC6262248
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v24.i44.4989
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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