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Sci Rep. 2018 Dec 3;8(1):17544. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-35978-0.

Midostaurin reduces Regulatory T cells markers in Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Author information

1
School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
2
Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, USC, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
3
School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. alachkar@usc.edu.
4
Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, USC, Los Angeles, CA, USA. alachkar@usc.edu.

Abstract

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous hematological malignancy in which the only curative approach is allogeneic stem cell transplant (Allo-HSCT). The recognition and elimination of leukemic clones by donor T-cells contribute significantly to Allo-HSCT success. FLT3-ITD, a common mutation in AML, is associated with poor prognosis. Recently, midostaurin became the first FDA approved FLT3-inhibitor for pre-transplant patients with FLT3-ITD in combination with standard therapy. In addition to their multikinase activity which may affect T-cell signaling, FLT3-inhibitors induce apoptosis of malignant cells which may also enhance antigen presentation to activate T-cells. Considering the increased clinical use of these inhibitors in patients with AML, and the limited clinical benefit derived from their use as single agents, understanding how FLT3-inhibitors affect T cell population and function is needed to improve their clinical benefit. We examined the effect of four different FLT3 inhibitors (midostaurin, sorafenib, tandutinib, and quizartenib) on T cell populations in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from healthy donors and from patients with AML. Midostaurin exhibited a significant decrease in CD4 + CD25 + FOXP3+ T cell population and FOXP3 mRNA expression in healthy and AML PBMCs. Similarly, samples collected from patients with AML treated with midostaurin showed a reduction in Tregs markers. Interferon-γ(IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and IL-10 levels were also reduced following midostaurin treatment. Considering the FDA approval of midostaurin for use in patients with AML in the pre-transplant setting, our finding will have important clinical implication as it provides the rationale for functional investigation of the use of midostaurin in post-transplant patients.

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