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Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2019 Mar 1;29(2):228-235. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.2018-0278. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Nutrition for Travel: From Jet lag To Catering.

Author information

1
1 Australian Catholic University.
2
2 Australian Institute of Sport.
3
3 High Performance Sport New Zealand.

Abstract

Domestic and international travel represents a regular challenge to high-performance track-and-field athletes, particularly when associated with the pressure of competition or the need to support specialized training (e.g., altitude or heat adaptation). Jet lag is a challenge for transmeridian travelers, while fatigue and alterations to gastrointestinal comfort are associated with many types of long-haul travel. Planning food and fluid intake that is appropriate to the travel itinerary may help to reduce problems. Resynchronization of the body clock is achieved principally through manipulation of zeitgebers, such as light exposure; more investigation of the effects of melatonin, caffeine, and the timing/composition of meals will allow clearer guidelines for their contribution to be prepared. At the destination, the athlete, the team management, and catering providers each play a role in achieving eating practices that support optimal performance and success in achieving the goals of the trip. Although the athlete is ultimately responsible for his or her nutrition plan, best practice by all parties will include pretrip consideration of risks around the quality, quantity, availability, and hygiene standards of the local food supply and the organization of strategies to deal with general travel nutrition challenges as well as issues that are specific to the area or the special needs of the group. Management of buffet-style eating, destination-appropriate protocols around food/water and personal hygiene, and arrangement of special food needs including access to appropriate nutritional support between the traditional "3 meals a day" schedule should be part of the checklist.

KEYWORDS:

food hygiene; melatonin; traveler’s diarrhea

PMID:
30507257
DOI:
10.1123/ijsnem.2018-0278
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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