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Cancer Causes Control. 2018 Dec;29(12):1277-1285. doi: 10.1007/s10552-018-1107-z. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Comprehensive cancer control: promoting survivor health and wellness.

Author information

1
Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, MS F76, Chamblee, Atlanta, GA, 30341-3717, USA. erohan@cdc.gov.
2
American College of Surgeons, Commission on Cancer, Cancer Liaison Initiatives, Chicago, IL, USA.
3
Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, MS F76, Chamblee, Atlanta, GA, 30341-3717, USA.
4
George Washington University Cancer Center, Patient-Centered Initiatives & Health Equity, Washington, DC, USA.
5
American Cancer Society, Inc, Atlanta, GA, USA.
6
Cancer Support Community, Washington, DC, USA.
7
LIVESTRONG, Austin, TX, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

As of 2016, an estimated 15.5 million cancer survivors were living in the United States and the number of cancer survivors is expected to increase to 20.3 million by 2026. Numerous clinical studies have shown that comorbidities, such as obesity and diabetes, and unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as physical inactivity and heavy smoking, negatively influence overall quality of life and long-term survival of cancer survivors. Accordingly, survivorship programs seek to focus on overall wellness, including symptom management, monitoring for late effects of treatment, monitoring for recurrence, helping patients adapt healthy behaviors, and quality of life. This paper provides a broad overview of public health efforts to address the needs of cancer survivors.

METHODS:

To describe a range of examples of survivorship initiatives in comprehensive cancer control, we analyzed documents from comprehensive cancer control programs and coalitions and solicited detailed examples from several national partners.

RESULTS:

Comprehensive cancer control programs, coalitions, and partners are undertaking myriad initiatives to address cancer survivorship and building upon evidence-based interventions to promote healthy behaviors for cancer survivors across the country.

CONCLUSION:

A coordinated public health approach to caring for the growing population of cancer survivors can help address the long-term physical, psychosocial, and economic effects of cancer treatment on cancer survivors and their families.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer survivorship; Comprehensive cancer control; Health promotion; Public health

PMID:
30506490
DOI:
10.1007/s10552-018-1107-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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