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Adv Biomed Res. 2018 Oct 31;7:138. doi: 10.4103/abr.abr_137_18. eCollection 2018.

Youth Violence and Related Risk Factors: A Cross-sectional Study in 2800 Adolescents.

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Departments of Community Medicine and Family Physician, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Department of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.



Youth violence is an important public health challenge, and the literature on this problem in developing countries has been limited. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of violence its related risk factors in in a sample of students in Isfahan, Iran.

Materials and Methods:

In this cross-sectional study, 2800 middle and high school, aged 11-18 years in urban and rural areas selected in a multistage sampling procedure and were questioned using a self-administered questionnaire. Collected data included sociodemographic and family characteristics, students' knowledge, verbal and physical violence (as a perpetrator and/or victim), risk-taking behaviors (weapon carrying, threatening behaviors), family violent status, watching movies, and accessibility of sport facilities.


The prevalence of verbal and physical violence in studied students was 45% and 33.3%, respectively. The prevalence of verbal and physical victimization was 45.8% and 23.6%, respectively. The prevalence of physical violence was higher in middle school students than high school students (P = 0.0001) and in boys was higher than in girls (P = 0.0001). Being boy, carried a weapon out of home or in school, victimization, feel unsafe at school, and violence in the family are the significant related risk factors with students violence (P < 0.05).


The prevalence of students' violence in Iranian students is similar to the most of other developing countries, although, high rate violence and related risk factors emphasize the need for comprehensive and interventional prevention programs to reduce and manage student violence and associated risk behaviors.


Family violence; physical fighting; school violence; violence; youth violence

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