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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2019 Jan;40(1):72-78. doi: 10.1017/ice.2018.276. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

The clinical impact of a urinary tract infection management bundle in a tertiary-care teaching hospital.

Author information

1
1Department of Pharmacy Services,Horizon Health Network,Moncton, New Brunswick,Canada.
2
2Family Practice,Fraser Health,New Westminster, British Columbia,Canada.
3
3Dalhousie University Department of Medicine,Halifax, Nova Scotia,Canada.
4
4Department of Laboratory Medicine,Horizon Health Network,Moncton, New Brunswick,Canada.
5
5Département de mathématiques et statistique,Université de Moncton,Moncton, New Brunswick,Canada (retired).
6
6Department of Internal Medicine,Horizon Health Network,Moncton, New Brunswick,Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a urinary tract infection (UTI) management bundle to reduce the treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) and to improve the management of symptomatic UTIs.

DESIGN:

Before-and-after intervention study.SettingsTertiary-care hospital.PatientsConsecutive sample of inpatients with positive single or mixed-predominant urine cultures collected and reported while admitted to the hospital.

METHODS:

The UTI management bundle consisted of nursing and prescriber education, modification of the reporting of positive urine cultures, and pharmacists' prospective audit and feedback. A retrospective chart review of consecutive inpatients with positive urinary cultures was performed before and after implementation of the management bundle.

RESULTS:

Prior to the implementation of the management bundle, 276 patients were eligible criteria for chart review. Of these 276 patients, 165 (59·8%) were found to have AB; of these 165 patients with AB, 111 (67·3%) were treated with antimicrobials. Moreover, 268 patients met eligibility criteria for postintervention review. Of these 268, 133 patients (49·6%) were found to have AB; of these 133 with AB, 22 (16·5%) were treated with antimicrobials. Thus, a 75·5% reduction of AB treatment was achieved. Educational components of the bundle resulted in a substantial decrease in nonphysician-directed urine sample submission. Adherence to a UTI management algorithm improved substantially in the intervention period, with a notable decrease in fluoroquinolone prescription for empiric UTI treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

A UTI management bundle resulted in a dramatic improvement in the management of urinary tract infection, particularly a reduction in the treatment of AB and improved management of symptomatic UTI.

PMID:
30501661
DOI:
10.1017/ice.2018.276

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