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J Med Chem. 1988 Oct;31(10):1941-6.

Synthesis and pharmacological characterization of 1-phenyl-, 4-phenyl-, and 1-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines as dopamine receptor ligands.

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Division of Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7360.


A series of 1-phenyl-, 4-phenyl-, and 1-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines have been prepared as ring-contracted analogues of the prototypical D1 dopamine receptor antagonist SCH23390 [(R)-(+)-7-chloro-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H- 3-benzazepine]. The affinity and selectivity of these isoquinolines for D1 receptors was determined by three biochemical endpoints in membrane homogenates prepared from rat corpus striatum: the potency to complete for [3H]SCH23390 binding sites; the potency to compete for [3H]spiperone (a D2 receptor ligand) binding sites; and effects on dopamine-stimulated adenylate cyclase. Competitive binding measurements at D1 sites showed SCH23390 to possess the highest affinity, followed by 1-phenyl greater than 1-benzyl greater than 4-phenyl for the isoquinolines. These results were highly correlated with the ability of the test compounds to antagonize dopamine-stimulated adenylate cyclase (r = 0.98). None of the compounds alone stimulated cAMP formation at concentrations of 10 nM to 100 microM. D2 competition binding showed the 1-benzyl derivative to possess the highest affinity, followed by 4-phenyl greater than SCH23390 greater than 1-phenyl. The tertiary 1-phenyl derivative was more potent than the secondary 1-phenyl analogue in all assays. Interestingly, resolution and single-crystal X-ray analysis of the tertiary N-methyl-1-phenyltetrahydroisoquinoline showed the most active enantiomer to possess the S absolute configuration, in contrast to the benzazepine (R)-SCH23390.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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