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J Med Chem. 1988 Oct;31(10):1918-23.

Renin inhibitors containing hydrophilic groups. Tetrapeptides with enhanced aqueous solubility and nanomolar potency.

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Merck Sharp & Dohme Research Laboratories, West Point, Pennsylvania 19486.


Nineteen tetrapeptides containing statine (Sta) and 4-amino-5-cyclohexyl-3-hydroxypentanoic acid (ACHPA) were prepared. Solubility measurements of these compounds were carried out in H2O and in pH 7.4 phosphate buffer solution, and their partition coefficients were determined in a 1:1 1-octanol/sodium phosphate-citric acid buffer system. The tetrapeptides were tested in vitro for their ability to inhibit porcine, canine, and human plasma renins. Four compounds, 6, 12, 14, and 20, were potent inhibitors against all renins tested (IC50 = 10(-9) M). Compound 12 was administered orally to dogs and substantially inhibited plasma renin activity for up to 5 h. The addition of polar groups to the C-terminus of Sta- and ACHPA-containing tetrapeptides renders them soluble in aqueous milieu and provides a valuable tool with which to examine the role of the renin-angiotensin system in physiological and pathological circumstances.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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