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Leg Med (Tokyo). 2019 Feb;36:103-109. doi: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2018.11.011. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Use of a proforma to aid in reducing coercion into informal admission for acute adult psychiatric inpatients in the U.K.

Author information

1
Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership NHS Trust, Caludon Centre, Clifford Bridge Road, Coventry, England CV2 2TE, United Kingdom; Division of Mental Health and Well-Being, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry, England CV4 7AL, United Kingdom. Electronic address: b.perry.1@warwick.ac.uk.
2
Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership NHS Trust, Caludon Centre, Clifford Bridge Road, Coventry, England CV2 2TE, United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

People with acute psychiatric illness may be at risk of coercion into informal admission. A lack of capacity assessment (CA) and provision of adequate information (PAI) for informal patients may constitute a risk of coercive admitting practice, resulting in increased use of the mental health act (MHA) in the days following admission. We developed and tested a proforma to aid in ensuring CA and PAI for informal admissions.

METHOD:

A pilot case-study was conducted in 2015 at a U.K. NHS trust (n = 50), analysing the prevalence of CA & PAI for adult psychiatric inpatient admissions, alongside the prevalence of MHA use in the next 72 h. Case-note audits were completed in 2016 & 2017 (n = 100 each), to assess the impact of the proforma in improving documented CA & PAI, alongside the prevalence of MHA use in the next 72 h. We tested for any demographic associations with CA & PAI using logistic regression.

RESULTS:

CA improved from 39% (2015) to 60% (2017). PAI improved from 9% (2015) to 45% (2017). Use of the MHA in the 72 h following admission fell from 32% (2015) to 7% (2017). Most informal admissions detained within 72 h had no record of CA & PAI. People under the age of 26 years were significantly less likely to have documented CA & PAI.

IMPLICATIONS:

Use of the proforma was successful in improving CA & PAI in a U.K.

POPULATION:

Further improvements could be made. Future research should seek to further examine demographic differences in informal coercion.

KEYWORDS:

Capacity; Coercion; Informed consent; Mental health act; Psychiatry

PMID:
30500671
DOI:
10.1016/j.legalmed.2018.11.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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