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Antiviral Res. 2019 Jan;161:144-153. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2018.11.014. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

IgA targeting on the α-molecular recognition element (α-MoRE) of viral phosphoprotein inhibits measles virus replication by interrupting formation and function of P-N complex intracellularly.

Author information

1
Mucosal Immunity Research Group, State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei, 430071, China; Guangzhou Institute of Pediatrics, Guangzhou Women and Children Medical Center, Guangzhou, 510623, China.
2
Mucosal Immunity Research Group, State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei, 430071, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Virology and Modern Virology Research Center, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China.
4
Guangzhou Institute of Pediatrics, Guangzhou Women and Children Medical Center, Guangzhou, 510623, China.
5
Mucosal Immunity Research Group, State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei, 430071, China.
6
Guangzhou Institute of Pediatrics, Guangzhou Women and Children Medical Center, Guangzhou, 510623, China. Electronic address: drdengli@126.com.
7
Mucosal Immunity Research Group, State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei, 430071, China. Electronic address: hmyan@wh.iov.cn.

Abstract

Secretory IgA (SIgA) antibody is unique for its capability to transit through epithelial cells by transcytosis and thus has opportunities and probabilities to interact with all viral components during viral replication which may result in the inhibition of viral replication intracellularly. Here, we report a novel IgA mAb 1D11-IgA against phosphoprotein (P) of measles virus (MV), which is able to interact specifically with P in MV infected Vero-pIgR cells grown in a two-chamber transwell system. The binding epitope of 1D11-IgA involves a key residue proline 23 in P protein, which is among the α-molecular recognition element (α-MoRE) of P and critical for N0-P complex. The antibody appears to block P to interact with N in P-N complex and thus may inhibit the function of viral RdRp complex, which results in decreased synthesis of viral genome RNA and mRNA. Our data together demonstrate that IgA is able to interact with viral phosphoprotein intraepithelial cells and neutralize viral replication by interrupting formation of P-N complex and function of RdRp. The findings highlight that IgA has a unique anti-viral activity by targeting viral conserved components critical for viral replication, which serves as a proof-of-concept assessment of the druggability of mononegavirales P-N interfaces.

KEYWORDS:

IgA; Intracellular neutralization; Measles virus; P-N complex; Viral phosphoprotein; α-Molecular recognition element

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