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J Lab Physicians. 2018 Oct-Dec;10(4):448-452. doi: 10.4103/JLP.JLP_75_18.

Gallstone disease and quantitative analysis of independent biochemical parameters: Study in a tertiary care hospital of India.

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1
Department of Community Medicine and General Surgery, LHMC and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Gallstone disease (GSD) represents a significant burden for health-care systems worldwide and is one of the most common disorders among patients presenting to emergency rooms with abdominal discomfort. This study was aimed to know the association of biochemical parameters and development of GSD.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We conducted a case-control study from January 2013 to December 2013 among patients attending outpatient department of general surgery at a tertiary care hospital of Delhi, North India; we recruited 120 cases and the same number of controls in the study. Data collection for both cases and controls was done on a self-designed pretested interview schedule and all the patients were investigated for relevant biochemical parameters. Logistic regression was used for univariate and multivariate analyses to find out different correlates and analyze the independent effects of these correlates on GSD.

RESULTS:

We have included 120 cases and the same number of age- and sex-matched controls in the study and final analysis. Almost 70% of the cases were females and 30% were males. In multivariate logistic regression, we have found maximum significant association with serum total cholesterol (odds ratio [OR]: 1.013, confidence interval [CI]: 1.003-1.024, P = 0.041) followed by low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (OR: 1.017, CI: 1.001-1.034, P = 0.04) and triglycerides (OR: 1.009, CI: 1.001-1.018, P = 0.049). Fasting blood sugar (P = 0.18), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.07), aspartate transaminase (P = 0.21), alanine transaminase (P = 0.29), and total bilirubin (P = 0.13) were not found to be independently associated with GSD.

CONCLUSION:

Biochemical parameters such as plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL cholesterol level were independently associated with GSD.

KEYWORDS:

Biochemical parameters; case–control study; gallstone disease

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