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Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018;51(4):1632-1644. doi: 10.1159/000495651. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Ectodomain Shedding of RAGE and TLR4 as a Negative Feedback Regulation in High-Mobility Group Box 1-Activated Aortic Endothelial Cells.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Republic of Korea.
4
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Republic of Korea.
5
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Koreaskpark@amc.seoul.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) elicits inflammatory responses through interactions with the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). We investigated how RAGE and TLR4 expressions are regulated after HMGB1 stimulation in cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs).

METHODS:

RAGE and TLR4 expressions were analyzed by Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence staining. A disintegrin and metalloprotease 17 (ADAM17) activity was measured using a fluorogenic substrate.

RESULTS:

Upon treatment with HMGB1, both RAGE and TLR4 began to decrease in cell lysate and remained decreased up to 24 h. The decrease in cellular RAGE and TLR4 was accompanied by an increase of N-terminal fragment of RAGE and TLR4 in culture supernatant, indicating ectodomain shedding of the receptors. HMGB1 activated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) and ADAM17, while HMGB1-induced ADAM17 activation was inhibited by SB203580, a p38 MAPK inhibitor. HMGB1-induced ectodomain shedding of RAGE and TLR4 was prevented by siRNA depletion of ADAM17 as well as TAPI-2, an inhibitor of ADAM family, and SB203580. HMGB1 pretreatment abolished p38 MAPK activation in response to 2nd HMGB1 stimulation. In the cells depleted of ADAM17, HMGB1-induced p38 MAPK activation was prolonged. siRNA depletion of RAGE, but not TLR4, suppressed HMGB1-induced p38 MAPK activation.

CONCLUSION:

In response to HMGB1 stimulation, HAECs rapidly undergo ectodomain shedding of RAGE and TLR4, and thereby become insensitive to further HMGB1 stimulation. ADAM17, activated through RAGE-p38 MAPK pathway, is implicated in the ectodomain cleavage of the receptors.

KEYWORDS:

A disintegrin and metalloprotease 17; Ectodomain shedding; High-mobility group box 1; Receptors for advanced glycation end products; Toll-like receptor 4

PMID:
30497069
DOI:
10.1159/000495651
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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