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Semin Ophthalmol. 2018 Nov 29:1-5. doi: 10.1080/08820538.2018.1551907. [Epub ahead of print]

Vitrectomy with Silicone Oil Tamponade in Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment following Acute Retinal Necrosis: Clinical Outcomes and Prognostic Factors.

Author information

1
a Smt. Kanuri Santhamma Center for Vitreoretinal diseases, LV Prasad Eye Institute , Hyderabad , India.
2
b Retina and Vitreous Service , LV Prasad Eye Institute , Visakhapatnam , India.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of the study is to report the prognostic factors and outcomes of vitrectomy (PPV) with silicone oil tamponade in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) secondary to acute retinal necrosis (ARN).

METHODS:

This retrospective, non-randomized, interventional comparative study included 38 eyes of 38 patients. All cases underwent PPV with silicone oil tamponade. The main outcome measure was improvement of final visual acuity relative to the presenting visual acuity and factors affecting the same Group A included eyes with favorable vision of 20/400 or better and Group B included the others.

RESULTS:

Group A included 16 eyes (42.10%), group B included 22 eyes (57.89%). In Group A 2 eyes out of 16 (12.5%) and in Group B 12 eyes out of 22 (54.54%) had RRD at presentation (p = 0.02, 95% CI for the difference 7.88-65.78%). The time interval between first presentation and development of RRD in Group A was 30.94 ± 38.8 days (median 30 days) whereas that in Group B was 10.81 ± 11.73 days (median 8 days) (p = 0.02). The odds of visual improvement post-vitrectomy when RRD occurred later was 8.4 (p = 0.01, 95% CI 1.53-46.1). The usage of systemic steroids (odds 5.2, p = 0.03, 95% CI 1.14-23.54) and oral valacyclovir (odds 4.33, p = 0.04, 95% CI 1.05-17.84) were associated with odds favoring a good visual outcome. Recurrent RRD was noted in 3/16 eyes (18.75%) in Group A and 13/22 eyes (59.09%) in Group B (p = 0.03).

CONCLUSION:

Delayed occurrence of RRD after ARN is a good prognostic factor. Usage of systemic steroids and oral valacylocvir are associated with a favorable visual outcome when started before the onset of RRD.

KEYWORDS:

Acute retinal necrosis; oral steroids; retinal detachment; risk factors

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