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Int J Clin Health Psychol. 2017 Jan-Apr;17(1):20-27. doi: 10.1016/j.ijchp.2016.07.004. Epub 2016 Oct 13.

Delay discounting in e-cigarette users, current and former smokers.

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1
Universidad de Oviedo, Spain.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

Background/Objective: Despite the fact that electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, are being increasingly used as an alternative to smoking tobacco cigarettes, few studies have explored psychological factors associated with e-cigarette use. Prior studies aimed at exploring correlates of e-cigarette use have focused on sociodemographic and smoking-related characteristics. However, no previous work has examined psychological features such as impulsivity among e-cigarettes users. The main objective of this study was to compare impulsivity rates across four groups of participants: current e-cigarette users who were former smokers; current smokers; former smokers; and controls. Method: A sample of 136 participants completed a computerized delay discounting task for hypothetical monetary values. Results: Delay discounting was greater among e-cigarette users than former smokers. E-cigarette users also showed an intermediate discounting that did not differ from smokers and controls. Moreover, delay discounting was significantly greater among current smokers compared to former smokers and controls. Conclusions: Taken together, our results extend previous research on delay discounting by providing evidence on impulsivity levels among current e-cigarette users for the first time.

KEYWORDS:

Delay discounting; E-cigarette; Experiment; Impulsivity; Smoking

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