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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 Nov 27;15(12). pii: E2669. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15122669.

Children's Improvement of a Motor Response during Backward Falls through the Implementation of a Safe Fall Program.

Author information

1
Physical Education and Sports Department, University of Seville, 41013 Seville, Spain. ocastillo@us.es.
2
Physical Education and Sports Department, University of Seville, 41013 Seville, Spain. lth00003@red.ujaen.es.
3
Department of Research Methods in Education, University of Seville, 41013 Seville, Spain. rodri@us.es.
4
Physical Education and Sports Department, University of Seville, 41013 Seville, Spain. carolinacv@us.es.
5
Physical Education and Sports Department, University of Seville, 41013 Seville, Spain. mccampos@us.es.

Abstract

The World Health Organization has warned that, in children, the second cause of death from unintentional injuries are falls. The objective of this study was to analyze the motor response of primary schoolchildren when a backwards fall occurs. These analyses occurred before and after interventions of the Safe Fall program, which aims to teach safe and protected ways of backward falling. A quasi-experimental research design was used, with a sample of 122 Spanish (Sevillian) schoolchildren in the 10⁻12 age bracket. The INFOSECA ad-hoc observation scale was used for data collection: this scale registers 5 essential physical reactions throughout the process of a safe and protected backwards fall. After that, a number of descriptive, correlational and contrast statistics were applied. The value used in the McNemar test to establish statistical significance was p < 0.05. Results showed that over 85% of students had developed the competence to correctly perform all five physical motions that allow for a safer backward fall. The teaching of safe and protected techniques for falling backwards in child population in Primary Education is possible through the implementation of the Safe Fall program in Physical Education classes, which can help making falls safer, diminishing the risk and severity of the injuries they cause.

KEYWORDS:

childhood injuries; education; falls; health education; public health

PMID:
30486425
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph15122669
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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