Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Early Interv Psychiatry. 2018 Nov 28. doi: 10.1111/eip.12767. [Epub ahead of print]

Severe conduct problems in adolescence and risk of schizophrenia in early adulthood.

Author information

1
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mental Health Unit, Helsinki, Finland.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

AIM:

Reform school (RS) is a foster care institution for adolescents with severe conduct problems. Both instability of early rearing environment and severe conduct problems in adolescence may associate with later psychotic disorders. We studied whether the risk of schizophrenia in adulthood is elevated in RS adolescents, and whether it is related to the age at first foster care placement or placement instability.

METHODS:

Adult age schizophrenia spectrum disorder data from RS subjects (N = 1099) were compared to a comparison group matched by age, sex, and place of birth (N = 5437) in a register based follow-up study, with up to 23 years follow-up time. Schizophrenia was also predicted with chosen placement factors. Cox proportional regression model was used in the analysis.

RESULTS:

RS subjects had an 8-fold (HR = 7.82, 95% CI 5.63-10.87) risk of schizophrenia compared to the comparison group. RS subjects also had an earlier age of schizophrenia onset. RS cohort, gender, placement instability, or age during the first out-of-home placement did not predict later schizophrenia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Adolescents with severe conduct problems are a specific high-risk group for later schizophrenia. The risk manifests early, which compromises the pathway to the adult well-being. Specialized screening procedures for psychosis risk should be implemented in the standard clinical procedures when working with adolescents with severe behaviour problems, and early intervention programs should be available.

KEYWORDS:

adolescents; conduct problems; delinquency; foster care; schizophrenia

PMID:
30485663
DOI:
10.1111/eip.12767

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center