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Foot Ankle Spec. 2018 Nov 28:1938640018816373. doi: 10.1177/1938640018816373. [Epub ahead of print]

Guideposts for Inserting Intercuneiform Joint Arthrodesis Screws: Analysis Using Multiplanar Reconstructed Computed Tomography.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Intercuneiform arthrodesis is often required for various midfoot pathologies; however, intercuneiform screw insertion is not easy due to the complicated anatomical structure of cuneiforms. This study aimed to determine the advisable screw entry point and direction using intraoperatively detectable landmarks. The computed tomography (CT) scan data of feet were reformatted using OsiriX software multiplanar reconstruction. First, based on the data of 10 CT scans of normal feet, we determined the advisable screw entry point at the upper one-third in the dorsoplantar direction and center in the anteroposterior direction on the medial aspect of the medial cuneiform and insertion direction toward the outermost point of the base of the fifth metatarsal in the axial plane and parallel to the plantar surface in the coronal plane. Second, we examined the accuracy of these newly designed guideposts in the simulation using other CT scan data of the other 27 normal feet and 12 flat feet. The simulated screw trajectory penetrated the mid three-fifths of all three cuneiforms in 97% of the normal feet and 92% of the flat feet with no cases of cortical wall violation. Levels of Evidence: Level V: Expert opinion.

KEYWORDS:

3-dimensional; arthrodesis; computed tomography; cuneiform; intercuneiform joint

PMID:
30484327
DOI:
10.1177/1938640018816373

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