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JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2018 Nov 27;6(11):e10523. doi: 10.2196/10523.

Feasibility of Using a Commercial Fitness Tracker as an Adjunct to Family-Based Weight Management Treatment: Pilot Randomized Trial.

Author information

1
Center for Healthcare Delivery Science, Nemours Children's Health System, Wilmington, DE, United States.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, United States.
3
Division of Weight Management, Nemours Children's Health System, Wilmington, DE, United States.
4
Cardiac Center, Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando, FL, United States.
5
Biostatistics Core, Department of Biomedical Research, Nemours Children's Health System, Wilmington, DE, United States.
6
Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando, FL, United States.
7
Department of Kinesiology, West Chester University, West Chester, PA, United States.
8
Strategy and Business Development, Nemours Children's Health System, Wilmington, DE, United States.
9
College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fitness trackers can engage users through automated self-monitoring of physical activity. Studies evaluating the utility of fitness trackers are limited among adolescents, who are often difficult to engage in weight management treatment and are heavy technology users.

OBJECTIVE:

We conducted a pilot randomized trial to describe the impact of providing adolescents and caregivers with fitness trackers as an adjunct to treatment in a tertiary care weight management clinic on adolescent fitness tracker satisfaction, fitness tracker utilization patterns, and physical activity levels.

METHODS:

Adolescents were randomized to 1 of 2 groups (adolescent or dyad) at their initial weight management clinic visit. Adolescents received a fitness tracker and counseling around activity data in addition to standard treatment. A caregiver of adolescents in the dyad group also received a fitness tracker. Satisfaction with the fitness tracker, fitness tracker utilization patterns, and physical activity patterns were evaluated over 3 months.

RESULTS:

A total of 88 adolescents were enrolled, with 69% (61/88) being female, 36% (32/88) black, 23% (20/88) Hispanic, and 63% (55/88) with severe obesity. Most adolescents reported that the fitness tracker was helping them meet their healthy lifestyle goals (69%) and be more motivated to achieve a healthy weight (66%). Despite this, 68% discontinued use of the fitness tracker by the end of the study. There were no significant differences between the adolescent and the dyad group in outcomes, but adolescents in the dyad group were 12.2 times more likely to discontinue using their fitness tracker if their caregiver also discontinued use of their fitness tracker (95% CI 2.4-61.6). Compared with adolescents who discontinued use of the fitness tracker during the study, adolescents who continued to use the fitness tracker recorded a higher number of daily steps in months 2 and 3 of the study (mean 5760 vs 4148 in month 2, P=.005, and mean 5942 vs 3487 in month 3, P=.002).

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite high levels of satisfaction with the fitness trackers, fitness tracker discontinuation rates were high, especially among adolescents whose caregivers also discontinued use of their fitness tracker. More studies are needed to determine how to sustain the use of fitness trackers among adolescents with obesity and engage caregivers in adolescent weight management interventions.

KEYWORDS:

accelerometry; fitness trackers; health behavior; pediatric obesity

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