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Adv Sci (Weinh). 2018 Jul 13;5(11):1800229. doi: 10.1002/advs.201800229. eCollection 2018 Nov.

Enhanced Melanoma-Targeted Therapy by "Fru-Blocked" Phenyboronic Acid-Modified Multiphase Antimetastatic Micellar Nanoparticles.

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1
Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery Systems West China School of Pharmacy Sichuan University No. 17, Block 3, Southern Renmin Road Chengdu 610041 China.

Abstract

Metastasis remains the main driver of mortality in patients suffering from cancer because of the refractoriness resulting from the multi-phase metastatic cascade. Herein, a multifunctional self-delivering PBA-LMWH-TOS nanoparticle (PLT NP) is established that acts as both nanocarrier and anti-metastatic agent with effects on most hematogenous metastases of cancers. The hydrophilic segment (low molecular weight heparin, LMWH) inhibits the interactions between tumor cells and platelets. The hydrophobic segment (d-α-tocopheryl succinate, TOS) could inhibit the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in B16F10 cells which is first reported in this article. Surprisingly, even the blank NPs showed excellent anti-metastatic capacity in three mouse models by acting on different phases of the metastatic cascade. Moreover, the overexpression of sialic acid (SA) residues on tumor cells is implicated in the malignant and metastatic phenotypes of cancers. Thus, these 3-aminophenylboronic acid (PBA)-modified doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded NPs offer an efficient approach for the treatment of both solid melanomas and metastases. Furthermore, a simple pH-sensitive "Fructose (Fru)-blocking" coping strategy is established to reduce the NP distribution in normal tissues and distinctly increases the accumulation in melanoma tumors. These micellar NPs consisting of biocompatible materials offer a promising approach for the clinical therapy of highly invasive solid tumors and metastases.

KEYWORDS:

Fru‐blocking; LMWH; antimetastatic nanoparticles; d‐α‐tocopheryl succinate (TOS); metastatic cascade; self‐delivering nanoparticles

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