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Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2018 Nov;20(11):974-978.

[A review on the role of γ-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway in autism spectrum disorder].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Developmental and Behaviorial Pediatrics, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China. zlzdulin@126.com.

Abstract

The etiology and pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are not yet clear. Studies have shown that there are many neurotransmitter abnormalities in children with ASD, mainly involving in glutamate, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), dopamine, 5-HT and oxytocin. The imbalance of excitatory glutamatergic neurotransmitters and inhibitory GABAergic neurotransmitters is closely related to the pathogenesis of ASD. Both animal model studies and clinical studies on ASD suggest that GABA signaling pathway may play an important role in the pathogenesis of ASD. This article reviews the research on the association between GABA signaling pathway and the pathogenesis of ASD to further explore the pathogenesis of ASD and provide theoretical basis for the treatment of ASD.

PMID:
30477634
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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