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BMC Geriatr. 2018 Nov 26;18(1):290. doi: 10.1186/s12877-018-0969-y.

Key stakeholders' views on the quality of care and services available to frail seniors in Canada.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Laval University, Pavillon Ferdinand-Vandry, room 2881-C, 1050 avenue de la Médecine, Quebec, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada. anik.giguere@fmed.ulaval.ca.
2
Quebec Centre for Excellence in Aging, St. Sacrement Hospital, Quebec, QC, Canada. anik.giguere@fmed.ulaval.ca.
3
Laval University Research Centre on Primary healthcare and services, Quebec, QC, Canada. anik.giguere@fmed.ulaval.ca.
4
Laval University Research Centre of the CHU de Quebec, Population Health and Optimal Health Practices Unit, Quebec, QC, Canada. anik.giguere@fmed.ulaval.ca.
5
Department of Family Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Laval University, Pavillon Ferdinand-Vandry, room 2881-C, 1050 avenue de la Médecine, Quebec, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada.
6
Quebec Centre for Excellence in Aging, St. Sacrement Hospital, Quebec, QC, Canada.
7
Laval University Research Centre on Primary healthcare and services, Quebec, QC, Canada.
8
Section of Geriatric Medicine, Departments of Medicine and CHS, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
9
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
10
Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.
11
School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
12
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, QC, Canada.
13
Laval University Research Centre of the CHU de Quebec, Population Health and Optimal Health Practices Unit, Quebec, QC, Canada.
14
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Division of Critical Care Medicine Laval University, Quebec, QC, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Frail seniors often receive ineffective care, which does not meet their needs. It is still unclear how healthcare systems should be redesigned to be more sensitive to the needs and values of frail seniors and their caregivers. We thus aimed to describe key stakeholders' perspectives on the current healthcare and services available to frail seniors.

METHODS:

In this qualitative descriptive study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of 42 frail seniors, caregivers, clinicians, or healthcare administrators/decision makers involved in frail senior care from five Canadian provinces. We explored participants' perspectives on the quality of care and services for frail seniors. We used an inductive/deductive thematic data analysis approach based on the Square-of-Care model, including emerging themes using the constant comparison method.

RESULTS:

We grouped participants' perspectives into strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for improvement, and then into nine themes: care processes, continuity of care, social frailty, access to healthcare and services, models of healthcare delivery, cost of care, healthcare staff management and professional development of healthcare providers, material resources and environmental design of healthcare facilities, and coordination of care. Our findings suggest redesigning assessment, communication with frail seniors and their caregivers, targeting care and services to the needs, and integrating care better across settings and in time.

CONCLUSIONS:

A systematic identification of frail older people is the first step to adapt healthcare systems to this population's needs. Participation of frail older people and their caregivers to decision making would also allow choosing care plans meeting their care goals. The integration of care and services across settings, over time, and with various providers, is also needed to meet frail senior needs.

KEYWORDS:

Delivery of health care; Frailty; Health planning; Health services needs and demand; Quality improvement; Quality of health care

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