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Neuropeptides. 2019 Feb;73:89-95. doi: 10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.004. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

PYY(3-36) and exendin-4 reduce food intake and activate neuronal circuits in a synergistic manner in mice.

Author information

1
Histology and Imaging, Novo Nordisk A/S, 2760 Måløv, Denmark.; Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.. Electronic address: mikg@novonordisk.com.
2
Histology and Imaging, Novo Nordisk A/S, 2760 Måløv, Denmark.
3
Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.
4
Obesity Research, Novo Nordisk A/S, 2760 Måløv, Denmark.

Abstract

Peptide YY(3-36) ((PYY(3-36)) and glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP-1) in combination reduce food intake and body weight in an additive or synergistic manner in animal models and in humans. Nevertheless, the mechanisms behind are not completely understood. The present study aims to investigate the effect of combining PYY(3-36) and the GLP-1 receptor agonist exendin-4 (Ex4) by examining acute food intake and global neuronal activation as measured by c-fos in C57BL/6 J mice. An additive reduction in food intake was found 1.5 h after s.c dosing with the combination of PYY(3-36) (200 μg/kg) and Ex4 (2.5 μg/kg). This was associated with a synergistic enhancement of c-fos reactivity in central amygdalar nucleus (CeA), rostral part of the mediobasal arcuate nucleus (ARH), supratrigeminal nucleus (SUT), lateral parabrachial nucleus (PB), area postrema (AP) and nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) compared to vehicle, PYY(3-36) and Ex4 individually dosed mice. The regions activated by Ex4 individually and PYY(3-36) and Ex4 in combination resembled each other, but the combination group had a significantly stronger c-fos response. Twenty-five brain areas were activated by PYY(3-36) and Ex4 in combination compared to vehicle versus nine brain areas by Ex4 individually. No significant increase in c-fos reactivity was found by PYY(3-36) compared to vehicle dosed mice. The neuronal activation of ARH and the AP/NTS to PB to CeA pathway is important for appetite regulation while SUT has not previously been reported in the regulation of energy balance. As PYY(3-36) and Ex4 act on different neurons leading to recruitment of different signalling pathways within and to the brain, an interaction of these pathways may contribute to their additive/synergistic action. Thus, PYY(3-36) boosts the effect of Ex4 possibly by inducing less inhibition of neuronal activity leading to an enhanced neuronal activity induced by Ex4.

KEYWORDS:

Appetite; Exendin-4; Global c-fos; PYY(3-36); Synergy

PMID:
30471778
DOI:
10.1016/j.npep.2018.11.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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