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J Reprod Immunol. 2019 Feb;131:21-29. doi: 10.1016/j.jri.2018.11.002. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

T cell Subsets in Peripheral Blood of Women with Recurrent Implantation Failure.

Author information

1
Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Student's Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Student's Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
4
Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
5
Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
6
Hematology & Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
7
Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
8
Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
9
Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: yousefime@tbzmed.ac.ir.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine whether there are any differences in the T cell composition and the expression of specific factors (i.e., IRF4, TBX21, GATA3, and GITR) of T cells between women with Repeated Implantation Failure (RIF) and fertile women. We observed a decrease in circulating Tregs and exhausted CD8 + T cells in RIF patients when compared to the controls whereas exhausted Treg and Th17 cells were more frequent. Using real-time PCR, we determined that the expression of IRF-4 and TBX21 was significantly elevated in the cases. In contrast, mRNAs encoding GATA3 and GITR were reduced. Furthermore, the expression of some miRNAs involved in T cell differentiation and their target gene candidates were examined in T cells from women with RIF and fertile control women. The patients showed significant up-regulation of miR-25, miR-93, and miR-326. miR-155 and miR-146a demonstrated significant down-regulation in RIF patients. The results revealed that the expression pattern of target genes was in line with data for miRNAs expression from purified Treg and Th17 cells. The findings of real-time PCR analysis provided insights into the genetic pathways underlying this aberration in the proportions of T cell subsets. Our data suggest that a combination of higher pro-inflammatory Th17 and exhausted Treg cells, and lower Treg and exhausted CD8 + T cells may co-exist in the peripheral blood of women with RIF. Moreover, the expression level of transcription factors and miRNAs controlling T cell differentiation may differ in women with RIF influencing pregnancy outcomes in these women.

KEYWORDS:

Recurrent implantation failure; Th17; exhausted T cell; exhausted Treg; regulatory T cell

PMID:
30471511
DOI:
10.1016/j.jri.2018.11.002

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