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Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2019 Feb;30(1):171-188. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2018.09.001. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Vision Rehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury.

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Surgical Service, Ophthalmology, Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center, South Texas Veterans Healthcare System, 7400 Merton Minter, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. Electronic address:
Blind Rehabilitation Service, Major Charles Robert Soltes, Jr. O.D. Blind Rehabilitation Center (BRC), Tibor Rubin VA Medical Center, 5901 East 7th Street, Long Beach, CA 90822, USA.
Optometry Service, VA Long Beach Healthcare System, 5901 East 7th Street, Long Beach, CA 90822, USA.


Visual dysfunctions and symptoms are commonly experienced after even mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) despite excellent visual acuity. All individuals who have experienced a TBI/concussion should be screened for vision symptoms and visual dysfunction. A TBI-specific eye examination is necessary to identify the visual sequelae of TBI and address any vision/ocular issues that may be contributing to other post-TBI complaints. A vision rehabilitation plan that includes vision therapy can improve visual dysfunction secondary to TBI. Combining office-based and home-based vision therapy training will maximize visual potential and functional results.


Concussion; Traumatic brain injury; Vision rehabilitation; Vision therapy; Visual dysfunction

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