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BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018 Nov 23;18(1):455. doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-2087-4.

Factors influencing the quality of life of pregnant women: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Education and Research in General Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Pierre et Marie Curie, 27, rue Chaligny - 75571, cedex 12, Paris, France.
2
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis d'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique (IPLESP UMRS 1136), F75012, Paris, France.
3
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis d'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique (IPLESP UMRS 1136), F75012, Paris, France. gladys.ibanez@upmc.fr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pregnancy is a period of transition with important physical and emotional changes. Even in uncomplicated pregnancies, these changes can affect the quality of life (QOL) of pregnant women, affecting both maternal and infant health. The objectives of this study were to describe the quality of life during uncomplicated pregnancy and to assess its associated socio-demographic, physical and psychological factors in developed countries.

METHODS:

A systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. Searches were made in PubMed, EMBASE and BDSP (Public Health Database). Two independent reviewers extracted the data. Countries with a human development index over 0.7 were selected. The quality of the articles was evaluated on the basis of the STROBE criteria.

RESULTS:

In total, thirty-seven articles were included. While the physical component of QOL decreased throughout pregnancy, the mental component was stable and even showed an improvement during pregnancy. Main factors associated with better QOL were mean maternal age, primiparity, early gestational age, the absence of social and economic problems, having family and friends, doing physical exercise, feeling happiness at being pregnant and being optimistic. Main factors associated with poorer QOL were medically assisted reproduction, complications before or during pregnancy, obesity, nausea and vomiting, epigastralgia, back pain, smoking during the months prior to conception, a history of alcohol dependence, sleep difficulties, stress, anxiety, depression during pregnancy and sexual or domestic violence.

CONCLUSIONS:

Health-related quality of life refers to the subjective assessment of patients regarding the physical, mental and social dimensions of well-being. Improving the quality of life of pregnant women requires better identification of their difficulties and guidance which offers assistance whenever possible.

KEYWORDS:

Health-related quality of life; Measurement; Pregnancy; Primary care; Quality of life

PMID:
30470200
PMCID:
PMC6251086
DOI:
10.1186/s12884-018-2087-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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