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G Ital Dermatol Venereol. 2018 Jun;153(3 Suppl 2):8-17. doi: 10.23736/S0392-0488.17.05772-8.

Hidradenitis suppurativa and associated diseases.

Author information

1
Unit of Dermatology, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
2
Unit of Dermatology, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy - francesca.prignano@unifi.it.

Abstract

Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, inflammatory, recurrent, debilitating skin disease characterized by recurrent abscesses, draining sinuses, and scarring, affecting principally areas of body friction. Although the disease pathogenesis is not fully understood, recent advances suggest that hidradenitis suppurativa should be viewed as a systemic inflammatory disease. Moreover, recent studies have defined hidradenitis suppurativa as a systemic disease linked to several comorbidities. Metabolic disorders including obesity and metabolic syndrome are the most common associated conditions observed in patients with hidradenitis suppurativa. Autoimmune diseases, like inflammatory bowel diseases, autoinflammatory diseases, spondyloarthritis, some genetic keratin disorders and also the risk of skin tumor seems to occur more frequently in these patients. This disease can also have severe effects on self-esteem and quality of life and can be associated with psychiatric diseases. The link between hidradenitis suppurativa and systemic associations may be attributed to common genetic or environmental factors or shared inflammatory pathways. Due to these reasons it is mandatory that clinical intervention for hidradenitis suppurativa must include consideration and attention to these comorbidities and complications. In this article we have reviewed current available literature on diseases that can occur together with hidradenitis suppurativa.

PMID:
30468375
DOI:
10.23736/S0392-0488.17.05772-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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