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Public Health Nutr. 2019 Mar;22(4):661-671. doi: 10.1017/S1368980018002884. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Top food sources of percentage of energy, nutrients to limit and total gram amount consumed among US adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014.

Author information

1
1School of Public Health,University of São Paulo,São Paulo,Brazil.
2
2USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center,Baylor College of Medicine,1100 Bates Avenue,Houston,TX77030,USA.
3
3School of Nutrition and Food Science,Louisiana State University Agricultural Center,Baton Rouge,LA,USA.
4
4Nutrition Impact,LLC,Battle Creek,MI,USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify most commonly consumed foods by adolescents contributing to percentage of total energy, added sugars, SFA, Na and total gram intake per day.

DESIGN:

Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014.

SETTING:

NHANES is a cross-sectional study nationally representative of the US population.ParticipantsOne 24 h dietary recall was used to assess dietary intake of 3156 adolescents aged 10-19 years. What We Eat in America food category classification system was used for all foods consumed. Food sources of energy, added sugars, SFA, Na and total gram amount consumed were sample-weighted and ranked based on percentage contribution to intake of total amount.

RESULTS:

Three-highest ranked food subgroup sources of total energy consumed were: sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB; 7·8 %); sweet bakery products (6·9 %); mixed dishes - pizza (6·6 %). Highest ranked food sources of total gram amount consumed were: plain water (33·1 %); SSB (15·8 %); milk (7·2 %). Three highest ranked food sources of total Na were: mixed dishes - pizza (8·7 %); mixed dishes - Mexican (6·7 %); cured meats/poultry (6·6 %). Three highest ranked food sources of SFA were: mixed dishes - pizza (9·1 %); sweet bakery products (8·3 %); mixed dishes - Mexican (7·9 %). Three highest ranked food sources of added sugars were: SSB (42·1 %); sweet bakery products (12·1 %); coffee and tea (7·6 %).

CONCLUSIONS:

Identifying current food sources of percentage energy, nutrients to limit and total gram amount consumed among US adolescents is critical for designing strategies to help them meet nutrient recommendations within energy needs.

KEYWORDS:

Added sugars; Adolescents; Energy; Food sources; Grams; NHANES; SFA; Sodium

PMID:
30468140
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980018002884

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