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Andrologia. 2018 Nov 22:e13203. doi: 10.1111/and.13203. [Epub ahead of print]

The protective role of melatonin and curcumin in the testis of young and aged rats.

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Department of Physiology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
Department of Histology and Embryology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Health Science Faculty, Nuh Naci Yazgan University, Kayseri, Turkey.


We aimed to investigate the effect of melatonin and curcumin treatment on oxidative stress, apoptosis, and histology of testicular tissue in our study. Four groups were formed using young (4 months old, n = 6) and aged (20-22 months old, n = 18) male Wistar albino rats: (a) Young control (1% ethanol:phosphate-buffered saline [PBS], subcutaneously [s.c.]); (b) Aged control (CTL; n = 6, 1% ethanol:PBS, s.c.); (c) Aged Melatonin (MLT; n = 6, 10 mg/kg, s.c.); (d) Aged Curcumin (CUR; n = 6, 30 mg/kg, i.p.). At the end of 21 days, the rats were sacrificed, and testicular tissues were removed. Malondialdehyde (MDA) in the testicular tissue was determined with thiobarbituric acid reactive substances formation, and glutathione (GSH) was determined with modified Ellman method; testosterone level was determined with chemiluminescence method and histologic changes were determined with Haematoxylin-Eosin and Johnsen's scoring; Apoptotic cell counts were made with TUNEL staining of seminiferous tubule in testis. With ageing, MDA level increased in testicular tissue, but GSH and blood testosterone levels decreased. Melatonin treatment for aged rats significantly decreased Paired total testicular/body weight ratio compared to aged control group (p < 0.05). Curcumin treatment for aged rats significantly increased GSH level compared to the aged control group (p < 0.05). Besides, melatonin and curcumin treatment significantly decreased the number of apoptotic cells and significantly increased Johnsen's score (p < 0.05).


ageing; apoptosis; curcumin; melatonin; oxidative stress; testis


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