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Dent Mater. 2019 Jan;35(1):114-124. doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2018.11.003. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

GuttaFlow Bioseal promotes spontaneous differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells into cementoblast-like cells.

Author information

1
Cellular Therapy and Hematopoietic Transplant Unit, Hematology Department, Virgen de la Arrixaca Clinical University Hospital, IMIB-Arrixaca, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain; School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: fcojavier@um.es.
2
Cellular Therapy and Hematopoietic Transplant Unit, Hematology Department, Virgen de la Arrixaca Clinical University Hospital, IMIB-Arrixaca, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain; School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
3
Cellular Therapy and Hematopoietic Transplant Unit, Hematology Department, Virgen de la Arrixaca Clinical University Hospital, IMIB-Arrixaca, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
4
Department of Genetics and Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
5
School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate in vitro the cementogenic potential and the biological effects of GuttaFlow Bioseal, GuttaFlow 2, MTA Fillapex and AH Plus on human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs).

METHODS:

Cell viability, cell migration and cell morphology assays were performed using eluates of each material. To evaluate cell attachment, hPDLSCs were directly seeded onto the material surfaces and analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The effects of endodontic sealers on cementum protein 1 (CEMP1), cementum-derived attachment protein (CAP), bone sialoprotein (BSP), ameloblastin (AMBN), amelogenin (AMELX) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) gene expression on hPDLSCs were investigated by qPCR and immunofluorescence (IF). Statistical analysis was performed with analysis of variance and Bonferroni or Tukey post-test (α<0.05).

RESULTS:

More than 90% of viable cells were obtained using extracts of GuttaFlow Bioseal and GuttaFlow2 after 72h of culture. By contrast, AH Plus and MTA Fillapex induced significantly lower levels of cell viability. GuttaFlow2 and GuttaFlow Bioseal promoted wound closure in a concentration-dependent manner, comparable to that observed with control extracts (*p<0.05). However, with AH Plus and MTA Fillapex, cell migration was significantly lower than in the control (***p<0.0001). SEM analysis pointed to an organized stress fiber assembly and high degree of cell adhesion on GuttaFlow Bioseal disks but low rates on GuttaFlow2, MTA Fillapex and AH Plus. When hPDLSCs were cultured with GuttaFlow Bioseal-conditioned media, qPCR assays and IF showed a higher level of AMELX, AMBN, CEMP1 and CAP expression than the control (*p<0.05)), whereas no such expression was observed in the other sealers.

SIGNIFICANCE:

Our results showed that GuttaFlow sealers were more cytocompatible than AH Plus and MTA Fillapex, while GuttaFlow Bioseal favored cementoblast differentiation of hPDLSCs in the absence of any growth factors.

KEYWORDS:

Bioceramics; CEMP1; Cementogenic differentiation; Endodontic sealers; Human periodontal ligament stem cells

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