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Life Sci. 2018 Nov 19. pii: S0024-3205(18)30761-6. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2018.11.040. [Epub ahead of print]

Study of the immunomodulatory effects of osteogenic differentiated human dental pulp stem cells.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Tissue Engineering and Applied Cell Sciences, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3
Department of Tissue Engineering and Applied Cell Sciences, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Biotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4
Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: mandana.sattari@sbmu.ac.ir.
5
Department of Tissue Engineering and Applied Cell Sciences, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: arashkhojasteh@sbmu.ac.ir.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) are promising tools in regenerative medicine due to their differentiation potential and immunomodulatory properties. However, it is not clearly known whether or not DPSCs maintain their immunosuppressive effects after differentiation. In the present study, we examined the immunomodulatory effects of osteogenic differentiated DPSCs (OD-DPSCs).

METHODS:

OD-DPSCs and undifferentiated DPSCs were co-cultured with allogenic PBMCs in different ratios and the proliferation of the PBMCs was measured. The concentration of IL-10, TGF-β, PGE2, IL-6, and NO were then examined. Moreover, the expression of IDO, HLAG, and HGF genes were determined in undifferentiated and OD-DPSCs.

FINDINGS:

The results showed that OD-DPSCs could inhibit the proliferation of allogenic PBMCs. The levels of PGE2, IL-6, and TGF-β anti-inflammatory cytokines increased after the co-culture. Moreover, the levels of NO increased during the differentiation process and the expression of IDO, HLAG, and HGF genes remained unchanged after osteogenic differentiation.

SIGNIFICANCE:

Although, there were some differences between the OD-DPSCs and undifferentiated DPSCs in terms of their cytokine and NO production, undifferentiated DPSCs maintained their immunomodulatory activities upon differentiation.

KEYWORDS:

Dental pulp stem cell (DPSC); Differentiation; Immunomodulatory; Immunosuppression; Osteogenic

PMID:
30465790
DOI:
10.1016/j.lfs.2018.11.040

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