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Open Access J Gerontol Geriatr Med. 2018 Apr;4(3). pii: 555636. doi: 10.19080/OAJGGM.2018.04.555636. Epub 2018 May 22.

Increased Fluoroquinolone-Susceptibility and Preserved Nitrofurantoin-Susceptibility among Escherichia coli Urine Isolates from Women Long-Term Care Residents: A Brief Report.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT USA.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Geriatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT USA.

Abstract

Suspected urinary tract infection is a common indication for antimicrobial therapy in long-term care residents. We sought to characterize antimicrobial susceptibilities among urine isolates collected from women long-term care residents enrolled in a clinical trial across 21 long-term care facilities in Connecticut, United States of America between August 2012 and October 2015. Among 967 urine cultures collected from 175 women long-term care residents with and without suspected urinary tract infection, we identified 456 bacterial isolates. Escherichia coli (55.3%), Klebsiella (13.8%) and Enterococcus (8.3%) species were the predominant organisms identified. Among all 456 urine isolates, 68.1% were ciprofloxacin-susceptible, 77.2% were trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole-susceptible, 86.3% were cefazolin-susceptible, and 72.6% were nitrofurantoin-susceptible. Among 252 Escherichia coli urine isolates, 60.2% were ciprofloxacin-susceptible, 73.7% were trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole-susceptible, 84.5% were cefazolin-susceptible, and 86.5% were nitrofurantoin-susceptible. These findings suggest that trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole may be favorable empiric therapy while the urinary isolate is unknown, and nitrofurantoin may be optimal therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infection due to Escherichia coli in women long-term care residents.

KEYWORDS:

Antibiotic Susceptibility; Escherichia coli; Long-Term Care Residents; Nitrofurantoin; Urinary Tract Infection

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