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J Microsc Ultrastruct. 2018 Oct-Dec;6(4):205-211. doi: 10.4103/JMAU.JMAU_17_18.

Ultrastructural Study of Rat Testis Following Conventional Phototherapy during Neonatal Period.

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Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Department of Anatomy, Army College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Department of Paediatric Surgery, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.



Phototherapy is the most common treatment for neonatal jaundice. This study sought to determine ultrastructural changes in testis, at different time-points, after 48 hours of conventional phototherapy was given to newborn rats.


Newborn male Wistar rats (n = 36) were divided into two groups as follows - group 1 (G1), control (without phototherapy) and group 2 (G2), exposure to conventional phototherapy for 48 h. Six animals from each group were sacrificed on postnatal days (PND) 70, 100 and 130. The testes were dissected out and processed for Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM).


TEM showed that G2 on PND 70 and 100 showed damaged organelles, including nuclei, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, vacuoles and electron dense bodies in the testes. Seminiferous Tubule on PND130 showed lesser damage. On PND70 ST wall thickness (STWT) of G2 was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than G1 STWT of G2 was significantly lower than G1 on PND100 (P = 0.047) and on PND130 (P < 0.001). Mitochondrial diameter in spermatogonia was significantly higher in G2 on PND70 (P = 0.001), PND100 (P = 0.031) and PND130 (P = 0.028). Primary spermatocytes in G2 also had larger mitochondria on PND70 (P < 0.001), PND100 (P = 0.007) and PND130 (P = 0.008). Further, spermatids had larger mitochondria in G2 on PND70 (P < 0.001), PND100 (P = 0.044) and PND130 (P < 0.001).


Phototherapy causes degenerative changes in rat testis on PND70 and 100 that partially recover by PND 130.


Mitochondria; neonatal jaundice; seminiferous tubule; spermatocyte; spermatogonium; transmission electron microscopy

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