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Curr Opin Neurol. 2019 Feb;32(1):137-144. doi: 10.1097/WCO.0000000000000632.

Vestibular rehabilitation: advances in peripheral and central vestibular disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
2
Department of Rehabilitation Services, Intermountain Health Care Hearing and Balance Center, Salt Lake City, Utah.
3
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Rehabilitation for persons with vertigo and balance disorders is becoming commonplace and the literature is expanding rapidly. The present review highlights recent findings of both peripheral and central vestibular disorders and provides insight into evidence related to new rehabilitative interventions. Risk factors will be reviewed to create a better understanding of patient and clinical characteristics that may effect recovery among persons with vestibular disorders.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Clinical practice guidelines have recently been developed for peripheral vestibular hypofunction and updated for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Diagnoses such as persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) and vestibular migraine are now defined, and there is growing literature supporting the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation as a treatment option. As technology advances, virtual reality and other technologies are being used more frequently to augment vestibular rehabilitation. Clinicians now have a better understanding of rehabilitation expectations and whom to refer based on evidence in order to improve functional outcomes for persons living with peripheral and central vestibular disorders.

SUMMARY:

An up-to-date understanding of the evidence related to vestibular rehabilitation can assist the practicing clinician in making better clinical decisions for their patient and hopefully result in optimal functional recovery.

PMID:
30461465
DOI:
10.1097/WCO.0000000000000632
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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