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J Autoimmun. 2018 Nov 17. pii: S0896-8411(18)30532-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jaut.2018.11.002. [Epub ahead of print]

Cluster analysis of autoimmune rheumatic diseases based on autoantibodies. New insights for polyautoimmunity.

Author information

1
Center for Autoimmune Diseases Research (CREA), School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Bogota, Colombia.
2
Center for Autoimmune Diseases Research (CREA), School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Bogota, Colombia; Doctoral Program in Biomedical Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Bogota, Colombia.
3
Center for Autoimmune Diseases Research (CREA), School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universidad del Rosario, Bogota, Colombia. Electronic address: juan.anaya@urosario.edu.co.

Abstract

Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are a chronic and clinically heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by share common immunopathogenic mechanisms and risk factors (i.e., the autoimmune tautology), which explain the fact that one AD may coexist with others (i.e., polyautoimmunity - PolyA). In the present exploratory study, a mixed-cluster analysis of the most common autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs) was done. A total of 187 consecutive women with established systemic lupus erythematosus (n = 70), rheumatoid arthritis (n = 51), systemic sclerosis (n = 35) and Sjögren's syndrome (n = 31) were included. A comprehensive clinical, autoantibody and cytokine assessment was simultaneously done. Total PolyA was registered in 142 (75.9%) patients. Six clusters were obtained, built mainly on autoantibodies: PolyA-I to -VI. The PolyA-III cluster showed the highest frequency of overt PolyA (p = 0.01), and the PolyA-I, -III, and -IV clusters exhibited the highest positivity for IL-12/23p40 (p = 0.015). These results provide new insights into the pathophysiology of PolyA and warrant prospective validation to enable development of a more accurate taxonomy of ARDs.

KEYWORDS:

Interleukin-12/23p40; Rheumatoid arthritis; Sjögren's syndrome; Systemic lupus erythematosus; Systemic sclerosis; Taxonomy

PMID:
30459097
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaut.2018.11.002
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