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Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018 Nov 1;49(11):e175-e181. doi: 10.3928/23258160-20181101-15.

Quantitative Comparison Between Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Fundus Fluorescein Angiography Images: Effect of Vessel Enhancement.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

To compare the vascular parameters derived from optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) images.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Twenty-two eyes of 22 patients were imaged with OCTA and FFA. FFA images were cropped to the same dimension as OCTA images after registration. Vessel enhancement using a Frangi filter and local fractal analysis was applied to the superficial layer of the OCTA and cropped FFA images. Foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, vessel density, spacing between large vessels, and spacing between small vessels were quantified.

RESULTS:

FAZ area was similar between original OCTA, Frangi-filtered OCTA, and FFA images (P = .32). Actual OCTA images had significantly higher vessel density (35.2% ± 1.45%, P < .001) than Frangi-filtered OCTA images (29.8% ± 0.78%) and Frangi-filtered FFA images (25.5% ± 2.41%). Spacing between large vessels was significantly lower in original OCTA images (31.9% ± 1.47%, P < .001) than Frangi-filtered OCTA images (36.8% ± 1.24%) and Frangi-filtered FFA images (60.1% ± 2.68%). Further, FFA images had significantly lower spacing between small vessels (14.4% ± 0.43%, P < .001) than original OCTA images (32.7% ± 1.03%) and Frangi-filtered OCTA images (33.4% ± 0.81%).

CONCLUSION:

FAZ area was similar between OCTA and FFA, independent of vessel enhancement. However, vessel enhancement improved the agreement of vascular parameters between OCTA and FFA images of the same eye. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018;49:e175-e181.].

PMID:
30457653
DOI:
10.3928/23258160-20181101-15
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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