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J Diabetes. 2018 Nov 19. doi: 10.1111/1753-0407.12879. [Epub ahead of print]

Association of common type 1 and type 2 diabetes gene variants with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults: A meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Human Genetics, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, India.
2
Research Unit, Child Trust Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the association of common type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) gene variants (protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 [PTPN22] rs2476601C/T, insulin [INS] rs689A/T and transcription factor 7-like 2 [TCF7L2] rs7903146C/T) with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA).

METHODS:

A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted up to 2017 and data from 16 independent case-control studies for three gene variants were pooled. The pooled allele and genotype frequencies for each T1D and T2D gene variant were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to assess the strength of the association. Heterogeneity tests and evaluation of publication bias were performed for all studies.

RESULTS:

In all, 8869 cases and 20 829 controls pooled from 16 case-control studies were included in the analysis. For rs2476601, a significant association was found for homozygote TT (OR 2.67; 95% CI 1.92-3.70; P < 0.0001), heterozygote CT (OR 1.61; 95% CI 1.44-1.79; P < 0.0001), and the T allele (OR 1.62; 95% CI 1.48-1.78; P < 0.0001). Overall, a significant inverse association was observed for rs689 in the TT genotype (OR 0.43; 95% CI 0.30-0.64; P < 0.0001), AT genotype (OR 0.53; 95% CI 0.45-0.62; P < 0.0001), and T allele (OR 0.61; 95% CI 0.52-0.71; P < 0.0001). For the rs7903146 polymorphism, the T allele (OR 1.19; 95% CI 1.00-1.40; P = 0.04) may be associated with the risk of LADA.

CONCLUSION:

The rs2476601C/T, rs689A/T, and rs7903146C/T polymorphisms were found to be associated with the risk of LADA, thereby indicating that, genetically, LADA could be an admixture of both T1D and T2D.

KEYWORDS:

INS; LADA; PTPN22; TCF7L2; meta-analysis; polymorphism

PMID:
30456822
DOI:
10.1111/1753-0407.12879

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