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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2019 Jan 29;63(2). pii: e01713-18. doi: 10.1128/AAC.01713-18. Print 2019 Feb.

APX001 Is Effective in the Treatment of Murine Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Medical Center and St. John's Cardiovascular Research Center, Torrance, California, USA.
2
Amplyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Diego, California, USA.
3
Amplyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Diego, California, USA kshaw@amplyx.com ibrahim@labiomed.org.
4
Division of Infectious Diseases, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Medical Center and St. John's Cardiovascular Research Center, Torrance, California, USA kshaw@amplyx.com ibrahim@labiomed.org.
5
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Abstract

Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) due to Aspergillus fumigatus is a serious fungal infection in the immunosuppressed patient population. Despite the introduction of new antifungal agents, mortality rates remain high, and new treatments are needed. The novel antifungal APX001A targets the conserved Gwt1 enzyme required for the localization of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored mannoproteins in fungi. We evaluated the in vitro activity of APX001A against A. fumigatus and the in vivo activity of its prodrug APX001 in an immunosuppressed mouse model of IPA. APX001A inhibited the growth of A. fumigatus with a minimum effective concentration of 0.03 μg/ml. The use of 50 mg/kg 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT), a suicide inhibitor of cytochrome P450 enzymes, enhanced APX001A exposures (area under the time-concentration curve [AUC]) 16- to 18-fold and enhanced serum half-life from ∼1 to 9 h, more closely mimicking human pharmacokinetics. We evaluated the efficacy of APX001 (with ABT) in treating murine IPA compared to posaconazole treatment. Treatment of mice with 78 mg/kg once daily (QD), 78 mg/kg twice daily, or 104 mg/kg QD APX001 significantly enhanced the median survival time and prolonged day 21 postinfection overall survival compared to the placebo. Furthermore, administration of APX001 resulted in a significant reduction in lung fungal burden (4.2 to 7.6 log10 conidial equivalents/g of tissue) versus the untreated control and resolved the infection, as judged by histopathological examination. The observed survival and tissue clearance were comparable to a clinically relevant posaconazole dose. These results warrant the continued development of APX001 as a broad-spectrum, first-in-class treatment of invasive fungal infections.

KEYWORDS:

1-aminobenzotriazole; APX001; APX001A; Aspergillus; Gwt1; IPA; antifungal; infection model

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