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BMC Med Educ. 2018 Nov 20;18(1):265. doi: 10.1186/s12909-018-1375-z.

Pharmacy students can improve access to quality medicines information by editing Wikipedia articles.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.
2
King's College London, London, UK.
3
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.
4
Kaiser Permanente, Panorama City, California, USA.
5
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
6
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA. tina.brock@monash.edu.
7
Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. tina.brock@monash.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pharmacy training programs commonly ask students to develop or edit drug monographs that summarize key information about new medicines as an academic exercise. We sought to expand on this traditional approach by having students improve actual medicines information pages posted on Wikipedia.

METHODS:

We placed students (n = 119) in a required core pharmacy course into groups of four and assigned each group a specific medicines page on Wikipedia to edit. Assigned pages had high hit rates, suggesting that the topics were of interest to the wider public, but were of low quality, suggesting that the topics would benefit from improvement efforts. We provided course trainings about editing Wikipedia. We evaluated the assignment by surveying student knowledge and attitudes and reviewing the edits on Wikipedia.

RESULTS:

Completing the course trainings increased student knowledge of Wikipedia editing practices. At the end of the assignment, students had a more nuanced understanding of Wikipedia as a resource. Student edits improved substantially the quality of the articles edited, their edits were retained for at least 30 days after course completion, and the average number page views of their edited articles increased.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that engaging pharmacy students in a Wikipedia editing assignment is a feasible alternative to writing drug monographs as a classroom assignment. Both tasks provide opportunities for students to demonstrate their skills at researching and explaining drug information but only one serves to improve wider access to quality medicines information. Wikipedia editing assignments are feasible for large groups of pharmacy students and effective in improving publicly available information on one of the most heavily accessed websites globally.

KEYWORDS:

Curriculum; Pharmacy; Students, pharmacy; Wikipedia

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