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J Mol Biol. 1988 Apr 20;200(4):639-54.

Spinach chloroplast rpoBC genes encode three subunits of the chloroplast RNA polymerase.

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CSIRO, Division of Plant Industry, Canberra City, A.C.T., Australia.


Sequence analysis of a 12,400 base-pair region of the spinach chloroplast genome indicates the presence of three genes encoding subunits of the chloroplast RNA polymerase. These genes are analogous to the rpoBC operon of Escherichia coli, with some significant differences. The first gene, termed rpoB, encodes a 121,000 Mr homologue of the bacterial beta subunit. The second and third genes, termed rpoC1 and rpoC2, encode 78,000 and 154,000 Mr proteins homologous to the N and C-terminal portions, respectively, of the bacterial beta' subunit. RNA mapping analysis indicates that the three genes are cotranscribed, and that a single intron occurs in the rpoC1 gene. No splicing occurs within the rpoC2 gene or between rpoC1 and rpoC2. Furthermore, the data indicate the possibility of an alternative splice acceptor site for the rpoC1 intron that would give rise to a 71,000 Mr gene product. Thus, with the inclusion of the alpha subunit encoded by rpoA at a separate locus, the chloroplast genome is predicted to encode four subunits (respectively called alpha, beta, beta', beta") equivalent to the three subunits of the core enzyme of the E. coli RNA polymerase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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