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Sci Rep. 2018 Nov 19;8(1):17019. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-34923-5.

Awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among hypertensive patients aged 18 to 59 years old in the northeast of China.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China.
2
Jilin Women and Children Health Hospital, Changchun, 130061, China.
3
Department of Thoracic Surgery, the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China.
4
Department of Neurology, Stroke Center, the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China.
5
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China. li_bo@jlu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Hypertension not only has a high prevalence, but also brings disease burden to the affected patients. To assess the level of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in the northeast of China, we investigated the rates of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension and identified its related factors among hypertensive patients aged 18 to 59 years old in Jilin, China. The data (n = 4632) for the present study were extracted from a cross-sectional study in Jilin. Among individuals with hypertension, the standardized rates of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension were 44.9%, 36.5%, 24.3%, respectively. The rates of awareness and treatment of hypertension among middle aged patients were higher than those among young patients. Compared to patients with normal Body Mass index (BMI), obese hypertensive patients had a higher rate of treatment (43.7% vs. 25.9%) and a lower rate of control (18.9% vs. 29.6%). Compared to patients with normal BMI, patients who were obese were more likely to take measures to treat hypertension (OR = 2.50, 95%CI: 2.05-3.05); but were less likely to have well-controlled blood pressure (OR = 0.55, 95%CI: 0.40-0.78). BMI is one of the influencing factors of hypertension awareness, treatment and control among patients 18 to 59 years old with hypertension.

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