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Trends Ecol Evol. 2018 Dec;33(12):916-925. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2018.09.012. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Personalised Ecology.

Author information

1
Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, TR10 9FE, UK; Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin, Institute for Advanced Study, Wallotstrasse 19, 14193, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: k.j.gaston@exeter.ac.uk.
2
School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1, Yayoi, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan.
3
Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, TR10 9FE, UK.
4
European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Truro, Cornwall, TR1 3HD, UK.
5
Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, TR10 9FE, UK; European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Truro, Cornwall, TR1 3HD, UK.

Abstract

The field of ecology has focused on understanding characteristics of natural systems in a manner as free as possible from biases of human observers. However, demand is growing for knowledge of human-nature interactions at the level of individual people. This is particularly driven by concerns around human health consequences due to changes in positive and negative interactions. This requires attention to the biased ways in which people encounter and experience other organisms. Here we define such a 'personalised ecology', and discuss its connections to other aspects of the field. We propose a framework of focal research topics, shaped by whether the unit of analysis is a single person, a single population, or multiple populations, and whether a human or nature perspective is foremost.

KEYWORDS:

ecosystem services; extinction of experience; human–nature interactions; nature–health interactions; observer bias; urbanisation

PMID:
30449304
DOI:
10.1016/j.tree.2018.09.012

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