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Anal Chem. 2018 Nov 18. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b04279. [Epub ahead of print]

Linear scanning ATR-FTIR for chemical mapping and high-throughput studies of Pseudomonas sp. biofilms in microfluidic channels.


A fully automated linear scanning attenuated total reflection (ATR) accessory is presented for Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrosco-py. The approach is based on the accurate displacement of a multi-bounce ATR crystal relative to a stationary infrared beam. To ensure accu-rate positioning and to provide a second sample characterization mode, a custom-built microscope was integrated into the system and the computerized work flow. Custom software includes automated control and measurement routines with a straightforward user interface for selecting parameters and monitoring experimental progress. This cost-effective modular system can be implemented on any research-grade spectrometer with a standard sample compartment for new bioanalytical chemistry studies. The system was validated and optimized for use with microfluidic flow cells containing growing Pseudomonas sp. bacterial biofilms. The complementarity among the scan positioning accu-racy, measurement spatial resolution and the microchannel dimensions paves the way for parallel biological assays with real-time control over environmental parameters and minimal manual labor. By rotating the channel orientation relative to the beam path, the system could also be used for acquisition of linear biochemical maps and stitched microscope images along the channel length.

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