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J Foot Ankle Surg. 2019 Jan;58(1):103-108. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2018.08.020. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Open Talus Fractures: Early Infection and Its Epidemiological Characteristics.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China. Electronic address: zhanghuiwestchina@163.com.

Abstract

Open talus fractures are relatively rare and severe open injuries with a high risk of severe infection. To better understand the epidemiological characteristics of this kind of injury, a monocentric case review was conducted among open talus fracture patients admitted in West China Hospital of Sichuan University between January 2010 and December 2014. Fifty-one (N = 51) patients were recruited to the study, including 44 (86.3%) males and 7 (13.7%) females. Fifty-two cases of open talus fractures were diagnosed among the patients (1 patient had bilateral fractures). The primary cause of open talus fracture was a fall from a height. The rate of concurrent injuries associated with open talus fracture was 84.3%. The overall infection rate was 41.2%, rising with the increase of injury severity classified by Gustilo-Anderson classification and the existence of peritalar dislocation. Therefore, it can be concluded that open talus fractures are at high risk of concurrent complications and early infection. It is necessary to perform a complete physical examination to search for possible concurrent injuries. When evaluating the risk of infection, in addition to the severity of open talus fracture, the existence and severity of peritalar dislocation should also be taken into consideration.

KEYWORDS:

3; Gustilo-Anderson classification; concurrent injury; infection; peritalar dislocation

PMID:
30448380
DOI:
10.1053/j.jfas.2018.08.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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