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Int J Public Health. 2018 Nov 16. doi: 10.1007/s00038-018-1172-9. [Epub ahead of print]

Associations between perceived social and physical environmental variables and physical activity and screen time among adolescents in four European countries.

Author information

1
Department of Natural and Human Sciences, Heidelberg University of Education, Heidelberg, Germany. bucksch@ph-heidelberg.de.
2
Department of Health Psychology, Kosice Institute for Society and Health, Faculty of Medicine, PJ Safarik University in Kosice, Kosice, Slovak Republic.
3
Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit, School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK.
4
Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, USA.
5
Institute of Sport Science, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
6
Institute of Active Lifestyle, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic.
7
The Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland.
8
Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Torino, Turin, Italy.
9
Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Associations between the perceived social and physical environment and self-reported moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and screen time (ST) were examined among adolescents in four European countries.

METHODS:

Representative samples were surveyed with standardised methodologies. Associations between environmental variables and meeting MVPA recommendations and tertiles of ST were tested in gender-specific logistic regression models. Moderation by country and country-specific relationships were also examined.

RESULTS:

The most consistent findings across countries were found for the significant associations between neighbourhood social environment and MVPA in both boys and girls. Significant associations with the physical environment varied more between countries and by gender. The most consistent negative associations with ST were found for the social environmental variable of having parental rules for spending time outside the home.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present findings provided evidence for the generalisability of the associations between environmental correlates and MVPA across four European countries. The findings show clear differences in correlates for MVPA and ST. Further research is needed to better understand the unique aspects of the social and physical environment which explain each of the two behaviours.

KEYWORDS:

European countries; Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study; Physical activity; Screen time; Social and physical environment

PMID:
30446772
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-018-1172-9

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