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Dis Model Mech. 2018 Nov 16. pii: dmm.037374. doi: 10.1242/dmm.037374. [Epub ahead of print]

Juvenile murine models of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes develop neuropathy.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
2
Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA efeldman@umich.edu.

Abstract

Peripheral neuropathy (neuropathy) is a common complication of obesity and type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. To model this complication in mice, 5-week old male C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet to induce diet-induced obesity (DIO), a model of prediabetes, and a cohort of these animals was injected with low-dose streptozotocin (STZ) at 12 weeks of age to induce hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes. Neuropathy assessments at 16, 24, and 36 weeks demonstrated that DIO and DIO-STZ mice displayed decreased motor and sensory nerve conduction velocities as early as 16 weeks, hypoalgesia by 24 weeks, and cutaneous nerve fiber loss by 36 weeks, relative to control mice fed a standard diet. Interestingly, neuropathy severity was similar in DIO and DIO-STZ mice at all time-points despite significantly higher fasting glucose levels in the DIO-STZ mice. These mouse models provide critical tools to better understand the underlying pathogenesis of prediabetic and diabetic neuropathy from youth to adulthood, and support the idea that hyperglycemia alone does not drive early neuropathy.

KEYWORDS:

Mouse models; Obesity; Peripheral neuropathy; Prediabetes; Type 2 Diabetes

PMID:
30446513
DOI:
10.1242/dmm.037374
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