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Virology. 2018 Nov 13;527:1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2018.10.022. [Epub ahead of print]

Identification of insect genes involved in baculovirus AcMNPV entry into insect cells.

Author information

1
Boyce Thompson Institute at Cornell University, Tower Road, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Electronic address: jjh364@cornell.edu.
2
Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Electronic address: nicolas.buchon@cornell.edu.
3
Boyce Thompson Institute at Cornell University, Tower Road, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Electronic address: gwb1@cornell.edu.

Abstract

The baculovirus Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) is a model enveloped DNA virus that infects and replicates in lepidopteran insect cells, and can efficiently enter a wide variety of non-host cells. Budded virions of AcMNPV enter cells by endocytosis and traffic to the nucleus where the virus initiates gene expression and genome replication. While trafficking of nucleocapsids by actin propulsion has been studied in detail, other important components of trafficking during entry remain poorly understood. We used a recombinant AcMNPV virus expressing an EGFP reporter in combination with an RNAi screen in Drosophila DL1 cells, to identify host proteins involved in AcMNPV entry. The RNAi screen targeted 86 genes involved in vesicular trafficking, including genes coding for VPS and ESCRT proteins, Rab GTPases, Exocyst proteins, and Clathrin adaptor proteins. We identified 24 genes required for efficient virus entry and reporter expression, and 4 genes that appear to restrict virus entry.

KEYWORDS:

AcMNPV; Baculovirus; Drosophila; High throughput screen; Rab1; Virus entry

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