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Science. 2018 Nov 16;362(6416):781-787. doi: 10.1126/science.aau2093. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Swifter, higher, stronger: What's on the menu?

Author information

1
Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen ACT 2616, Australia. louise.burke@ausport.gov.au.
2
Exercise and Nutrition Research Program, The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne 3000, Australia.

Abstract

The exploits of elite athletes delight, frustrate, and confound us as they strive to reach their physiological, psychological, and biomechanical limits. We dissect nutritional approaches to optimal performance, showcasing the contribution of modern sports science to gold medals and world titles. Despite an enduring belief in a single, superior "athletic diet," diversity in sports nutrition practices among successful athletes arises from the specificity of the metabolic demands of different sports and the periodization of training and competition goals. Pragmatic implementation of nutrition strategies in real-world scenarios and the prioritization of important strategies when nutrition themes are in conflict add to this variation. Lastly, differences in athlete practices both promote and reflect areas of controversy and disagreement among sports nutrition experts.

PMID:
30442803
DOI:
10.1126/science.aau2093
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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