Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Affect Disord. 2018 Nov 3;245:545-552. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.009. [Epub ahead of print]

Longitudinal decreases in suicidal ideation are associated with increases in salience network coherence in depressed adolescents.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Building 420, Jordan Hall, 94305 Stanford, CA, USA. Electronic address: jschwar2@stanford.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
3
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Building 420, Jordan Hall, 94305 Stanford, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Suicidal ideation (SI) is an important predictor of suicide attempt, yet SI is difficult to predict. Given that SI begins in adolescence when brain networks are maturing, it is important to understand associations between network functioning and changes in severity of SI.

METHODS:

Thirty-three depressed adolescents were administered the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale to assess SI and completed resting-state fMRI at baseline (T1) and 6 months later (T2). We computed coherence in the executive control (ECN), default mode (DMN), salience (SN), and non-relevant noise networks and then examined the association between changes in brain network coherence and changes in SI severity from T1 to T2.

RESULTS:

A greater reduction in severity of SI was associated with a stronger increase in SN coherence from T1 to T2. There were no associations between the other networks and SI.

LIMITATIONS:

We cannot generalize our findings to more psychiatrically diverse samples. More time-points are necessary to understand the trajectory of SI and SN coherence change.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our finding that reductions in SI are associated with increases in SN coherence extends previous cross-sectional results documenting a negative association between SI severity and SN coherence. The SN is involved in coordinating activation of ECN and DMN in response to salient information. Given this regulatory role of the SN, the association between SN coherence and SI suggests that adolescents with reduced SN coherence might more easily engage in harmful thoughts. Thus, the SN may be particularly relevant as a target for treatment applications in depressed adolescents.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Longitudinal; Network coherence; Resting-state functional connectivity; Salience network; Suicidal ideation

PMID:
30439679
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.009

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center