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J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Nov 12. pii: S2468-7855(18)30233-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jormas.2018.11.001. [Epub ahead of print]

About a pediatric facial trauma.

Author information

1
Department of maxillofacial surgery, Nantes university hospital, 1, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, France. Electronic address: guillaume.giran@gmail.com.
2
Department of maxillofacial surgery, Nantes university hospital, 1, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, France.
3
Department of maxillofacial and plastic surgery, Tours university hospital, 37170 Tours, France.

Abstract

Less-lethal weapon are more and more used in law enforcement to neutralize combative individuals and to disperse riot crowds. Even if this type of weapon has been created to be less damaging than classical firearms, it has been incriminated many times in cases of facial injuries with functional consequences, even death. In many countries, these guns can be possessed by average citizens. They could be extremely harmful when handled by inexperienced users and cannot be considered solely as defense weapons. Interestingly, little literature is available concerning facial injuries caused by the less-lethal weapons. We report the case of a ballistic wound on a 3-year-old child.

KEYWORDS:

Adverse effects; Gunshot; Orbital fractures; Weapons; Wounds

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